Pentagon attacked on 60th Anniversary of Groundbreaking
1990 New World Order speech
1973 Chile coup
1941 Pentagon groundbreaking
100th anniversary of Gandhi's non-violence campaign
9/11: The Other Anniversary
Sun Sep 10th, 2006 at 09:41:01 PM EST
We all know what happened five years ago. The events are seared in our minds. The horror. The violence. The rage. The pain.
Ironically, far fewer of us know what happened 100 years ago on September 11. On that day, Mahatma Gandhi began his first campaign of non-violent resistance.
September 11, 2001 was the United Nations' International Day of Peace. It was to have marked the first day of the International Decade for a Culture of Peace and Non-Violence 2001-2010, inspired by the Appeal of Nobel Peace Laureates for the Children of the World (1997).
A day to celebrate hope and imagination. The day had barely begun.
September 11, 1990 (11 years before 9/11) was when George Herbert Walker Bush gave his famous "New World Order" speech.
Out of these troubled times, our fifth objective — a New World Order — can emerge ... A hundred generations have searched for this elusive path to peace, while a thousand wars raged across the span of human endeavor. Today that new world is struggling to be born, a world quite different from the one we've known. A world where the rule of law supplants the rule of the jungle. A world in which nations recognize the shared responsibility for freedom and justice. A world where the strong respect the rights of the weak.
- George H.W. Bush, 911/1990
September 11, 1973 was the bloody coup d'etat in Chile. The US CIA and the Chilean military toppled the democratically elected government of Salvador Allende, assassinating him. In his place, the US installed a fascist military dictatorship that rounded up thousands of people for torture and mass murder (many of them were killed in the national stadium in Santiago). General Augusto Pinochet ruled for nearly two decades - and to this day, has never been formally prosecuted for crimes against humanity, nor have the US government officials who helped organize this (such as Henry Kissinger). There are many books that discuss this event, the movie "Missing" (by Costa Gravas) is an excellent portrayal of the coup (seen through the experience of a US citizen who was murdered by the Chilean army).
In Chile, 9/11 marks 30 years since bloody coup; former Blair allies continue to blast him on Iraq; terrorist chic all the rage in Germany; and more.
Edward M. Gomez, special to SF Gate, September 11, 2003
"Your beloved general is safe with us. He will not be tortured, stabbed or shot, or have electrodes attached to his genitals. We will not drop him from a helicopter into the sea, kidnap his grandchildren, break his hands or gouge his eyes. Our most vengeful hope is that he and his family may feel - if only for a second - one billionth part of the terrible pain and mental agony that he so pompously and callously visited on others. "
-- David Aaronovitch, British journalist, writing in The Independent newspaper, to the Chilean supporters of General Augusto Pinochet, about his treatment in Britain after his arrest for crimes against humanity (1998)
September 11, 1941 was the groundbreaking ceremony for the construction of the Pentagon. 9/11 (the attack) happened on the 60th anniversary. The groundbreaking was three months before Pearl Harbor, at a time when the US government promised it was not going to get involved in war unless it was attacked first. Pearl Harbor was allowed to happen. The US had intercepted the Japanese radio traffic by decrypting their codes -- and Roosevelt knew the attacks were imminent yet chose not to defend the base nor warn the local commanders. Sacrificing over two thousand people was deemed an acceptable price to pay for galvanizing a divided country to support World War. That war was in many ways an oil war - the US was able to wage the war because the American oil industry had recently reached the peak of domestic oil discoveries and had enough oil to wage global war. In contrast, Germany, Italy and Japan do not have oil, and eventually ran out of fuel to power their war machines. Germany tried to capture the rich oil fields of the Caucausus, but after the Stalingrad battle (on the way to the Caucaucus region), it was clear that the Nazi mechanized military would lose the war. Japan seized oil fields in Indonesia, but when they were driven out they lost much of their oil supply for their military imperialist expansion, and the US naval blockade of Japan ensured their defeat.
"Hitler and Goering had counted on the new jet fighters driving the Allied air forces from the skies, and well they might have -- for the Germans succeeded in producing more than a thousand of them -- had the Anglo-American flyers, who lacked this plane, not taken successful counteraction. The conventional Allied fighter was no match for the German jet in the air, but few ever got off the ground. The refineries producing the special fuel for them were bombed and destroyed and the extended runways which had to be constructed for them were easily detected by Allied pilots, who destroyed the jets on the ground."
-- William L. Shirer, The Rise and Fall of the Third Reich, (1962), pp. 1426-7
The groundbreaking ceremony took place on September 11, 1941.